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A better half to Ethnicity within the old Mediterranean provides a finished number of essays contributed through Classical reviews students that discover questions with regards to ethnicity within the historic Mediterranean international.

Covers themes of ethnicity in civilizations starting from historic Egypt and Israel, to Greece and Rome, and into overdue Antiquity
• gains state-of-the-art study on ethnicity with regards to Philistine, Etruscan, and Phoenician identities
• finds the specific relationships among historical and glossy ethnicities
• Introduces an interpretation of ethnicity as an energetic portion of social id
• Represents a primary wondering of officially authorized and stuck different types within the box

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Additional resources for A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)

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A force of this type may have been created early in the 12th dynasty but becomes better attested near the end. It was based on “soldiers”—whose title means literally “citizens”—levied by district and officers of several grades and types. It was separate from New Kingdom military organization and seems not to have enjoyed very high status. The purpose of the occupation of Lower Nubia is disputed, because the size of the fortresses and the level of manpower needed to occupy them might seem disproportionate to local threats.

All three of Snefru’s pyramids had mortuary complexes attached to them. Snefru’s building achievements were thus at least as great as those of any later king and introduced a century of unparalleled construction. Snefru’s was the first king’s name that was regularly written inside the cartouche, an elongated oval that is one of the most characteristic Egyptian symbols. The cartouche itself is older and was shown as a gift bestowed by gods on the king, signifying long duration on the throne. It soon acquired associations with the sun, so that its first use by the builder of the first true pyramid, which is probably also a solar symbol, is not coincidental.

The purpose of the occupation of Lower Nubia is disputed, because the size of the fortresses and the level of manpower needed to occupy them might seem disproportionate to local threats. An inscription of Sesostris III set up in the fortresses emphasizes the weakness of the Nubian enemy, while a boundary 56 | Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest marker and fragmentary papyri show that the system channeled trade with the south through the central fortress of Mirgissa. The greatest period of the Karmah state to the south was still to come, but for centuries it had probably controlled a vast stretch of territory.

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