By Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, Elvire Servien
This publication records present wisdom and criteria of take care of acute muscle accidents. the complete variety of accidents is roofed, together with these to the hamstring, hip adductor, quadriceps, calf, pectoralis significant, biceps brachii, latissimus dorsi and rectus abdominis muscle groups. Evidence-based content material is mixed with event from health workers from around the world so one can give you the reader with a whole photo of the most recent insights into terminology, trauma mechanisms, uncomplicated ideas of therapeutic, prognosis and remedy. priceless diagnostic and remedy algorithms are incorporated and transparent assistance supplied on making sure optimum rehabilitation and swift go back to activities. The publication is dependent in one of these means that it'll function an incredible reference guide for orthopaedic surgeons, activities drugs physicians, physiotherapists, normal practitioners, paramedics, activities managers, athletes and coaches.
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Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer; 2007. 17. Hagglund M, Walden M, Bahr R, Ekstrand J. Methods for epidemiological study of injuries to professional football players: developing the UEFA model. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39(6):340–6. 18. Hoskins WT, Pollard HP. Successful management of hamstring injuries in Australian Rules footballers: two case reports. Chiropr Osteopat. 2005;13(1):4. 19. Jarvinen TA, Jarvinen TL, Kaariainen M, Kalimo H, Jarvinen M. Muscle injuries: biology and treatment. Am J Sports Med.
For instance, in case of a true hamstring avulsion, extensive bruises can be seen on the posterior thigh and a defect in the tendon may be felt if there has been sufficient retraction . During palpation, athletes with hamstring injuries of the high-speed running type report their highest pain in the lateral part of the posterior thigh, about 11–12 cm (±7, 4–24) distal to the ischial tuberosity. With this type of injury, there is a significant correlation between the location of the point of highest pain and the length of the convalescent period.
However, greater muscle tears can result in a defective healing with scar formation  which has to be considered in the diagnosis and prognosis of a muscle injury. Our experience is that partial tears of less than a muscle fascicle usually heal completely, while moderate partial tears can result in a fibrous scar. P. Ueblacker et al. 2 Classification of acute muscle disorders and injuries A. Indirect muscle Functional disorder/injury muscle disorder B. Direct muscle injury Type 1: Overexertionrelated muscle disorder Type 1A: Fatigue-induced muscle disorder Type 1B: Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) Type 2: Neuromuscular Type 2A: Spine-related neuromusmuscle cular muscle disorder disorder Type 2B: Muscle-related neuromuscular muscle disorder Structural Type 3: Partial muscle Type 3A: Minor partial muscle muscle injury tear tear Type 3B: Moderate partial muscle tear Type 4: (Sub)total tear Subtotal or complete muscle tear Tendinous avulsion Contusion Laceration Modified after Mueller-Wohlfahrt et al.