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By Michael P. Lesser

Advances in Marine Biology has been supplying in-depth and up to date experiences on all elements of Marine Biology considering that 1963 -- over forty years of remarkable insurance! The sequence is recognized for either its excellence of experiences and modifying. The serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date content on a variety of issues so one can entice postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries technology, ecology, zoology, and organic oceanography. * Rated "Number 1" within the hugely aggressive class of Marine & Freshwater Biology by way of ISI within the 2000 ISI journals quotation file * keeps an influence issue of 3.37, the top within the box * sequence positive factors over 35 years of assurance of the learn

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Extra resources for Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 58

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On an ecosystem level, the broad faunal changes noted above could have consequences for ecosystem function, such as organic matter remineralisation rates and sediment bioturbation. Shifts in ecosystem functioning could have important impacts on the proportion of organic carbon that is either remineralised or becomes buried in marine sediments. Research into ecosystem function at Station M has focused on a few key areas, including SCOC, bioturbation, and links between biodiversity and ecosystem function.

Case Studies: Chemosynthetic Ecosystems Whilst the sedimented abyssal plains and bathyal slopes are dependent on a steady ‘rain’ of organic detritus from surface waters, chemosynthetic ecosystems can utilise in situ energy sources of reduced compounds, most often hydrogen sulphide or methane. g. at hydrothermal vents and cold seeps) or a biogenic origin— such as the carcass of a dead whale, a sunken log or even a shipwreck with an organic-rich cargo. The considerable similarities between these ecosystems in terms of the chemical habitat have created taxonomic affinities, functional similarities and in some cases species overlap between habitats that may initially appear quite different.

2. Abyssal sites The abyssal plains are the most extensive of deep-sea habitats. Their distance from land, and great depth, creates major sampling problems in terms of technical and financial logistics. Even with modern winches, it requires over 4 h to take a simple spade box core in 5000 m of water. An abyssal trawl usually takes at least 8–12 h and the majority of ROVs are unable to reach such depths. Nevertheless, long-term monitoring has been carried out in two principal abyssal settings. The Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) is centred in the north-east Atlantic and has been the focus of mainly British oceanographic cruises.

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