Download Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank PDF

By Ammonius, David A. Blank

Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his good judgment, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their uncomplicated elements - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of antagonistic affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his potential as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the nice sixth-century commentators, left simply this one statement in his personal identify, even supposing his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up through his scholars, who incorporated Philoponus and Asclepius. His principles on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and in part from the good misplaced observation of Porphyry. the 2 most crucial extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this is often one (the different being by way of Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, which are to some degree reconstructed for them

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Of these four, things, thoughts, vocal sounds, and letters, leaving aside letters, since they are not necessary for the following instruction concerning the things, which is what the Philosopher primarily wants to study, he investigates thoughts, through which we know these , and he draws distinctions concerning vocal sounds, without which teaching and learning cannot arise. 15 20 25 30

But when neither of the is significant by itself, there will be the proper name of this particular city, only one thought being signified by the whole and, for this reason, neither of the parts being capable of signifying anything. 34,1 5 <‘By nature’, ‘by imposition’: Aristotle and the Cratylus> So Aristotle introduced these things to explicate the last differentia he gave of the name. Although the next thing would have been to explain the differentia given before this – I mean ‘without time’ – he passed over this, since he will speak of it more properly in the doctrine of the verb, where he will teach how the verb is defined, namely by its additionally signifying time.

And they too say that names resemble images – not natural ones, but those made by the art of painting, which makes different likenesses of different models and still strives to copy as well as possible the form of each , according to which we often analyse from the names in an attempt to hunt down the natures of the things named by them, and once we have recognized these natures we try to show that the names applied to the things are consonant with the natures. <‘By imposition’> 15 20 25 30 36,1 5 Of those who classify names as by imposition, some mean ‘by imposition’ in this way, that it is possible for any man to name any thing with whatever name he likes, as Hermogenes thought,165 while others do not mean it thus, but rather mean that names are given by the ‘namegiver’ alone, and that he is the one who has knowledge of the nature of things and states a name appropriate to the nature of each existing thing, or else he is the servant of the one who knows, and, learning from him the substance of each existing thing, is instructed to invent and impose a fitting and appropriate name for it.

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